OECD COP28 Virtual Pavilion

Jobs and skills for a just green transition

Dec 6, 2023 | 11:30 AM - 1:00 PM


The transition towards a net-zero economy will have profound impacts on labour markets and the demand for skills. While, overall, the net effects of the net-zero transition on total employment are likely to be negligible, labour markets will be reshaped with new opportunities for some workers and a higher risk of job displacement for others. Moreover, in many countries, changes in employment – both positive and negative – will be concentrated in specific geographic areas. A key challenge for policymakers is to facilitate these transitions and prevent permanent exclusion from the labour market for vulnerable workers. Minimising labour market mismatches arising from net-zero policies is therefore critical to reduce delays and transition costs for individuals and businesses. If countries are to achieve ambitious climate targets, climate policies will need to be accompanied by strong investments in skills policies. At the same time, supporting workers particularly affected by downsizing of activities that generate high levels of CO2 emissions through labour market and social policies is critical. This session will discuss how to strike the right balance between intensifying efforts towards long-term climate objectives, maintaining the incentives to decarbonise and addressing pressing social and economic imperatives is the of the main tasks at hand for policy makers.

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