OECD COP28 Virtual Pavilion

Addressing forced displacement in climate change adaptation

Nov 27, 2023 | 1:30 PM - 3:00 PM


More than 3 billion people were living in contexts highly vulnerable to climate change as of 2022. In this context, climate-induced displacement is likely to increase significantly. Yet efforts to address climate-related displacement are siloed and fragmented, with persistent gaps, overlaps, and no clear hierarchy. Importantly, responses to forced displacement are largely humanitarian in nature, even though most climate-related displacement is not only protracted, but likely permanent. Therefore, as a rising fixture in the future of our planet, climate-induced displacement demands a more structural, long-term, development-oriented approach, alongside short-term humanitarian responses, in the context of climate change adaptation efforts. A major channel through which to achieve this is climate change adaptation commitments, notably National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) – as they are designed to set national priorities and targets, and to justify and register need for climate finance from international partners. This panel event will discuss how forced displacement is addressed in NAPs and NDCs.

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OECD Development Policy Papers

Addressing forced displacement in climate change adaptation

This paper shows that climate-related forced displacement is insufficiently addressed in two fundamental commitments made towards the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) between 2015 and 2023: National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). It describes the important role NAPs and NDCs play in prioritising the tackling of certain aspects of climate change adaptation, identifies gaps on forced displacement, and proposes ways of adding it among their policy objectives, and of mobilising finance to reach them.
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